Exploring Turkey’s current account deficit: What it means for the country’s economy


As one of the fastest growing economies in the world, Turkey has been a beacon of hope for investors and entrepreneurs alike. However, recent reports indicate that the country’s current account deficit is quickly becoming a cause for concern. In this post, we’ll take a closer look at what this means for Turkey’s economy, exploring key factors such as trade imbalances, fiscal policies and more! So fasten your seatbelts and get ready to dive deep into Turkey’s economic landscape with us!

What is Turkey’s current account deficit?

Turkey’s current account deficit (CAD) is the difference between the money that Turkey earns from exports and the money that it spends on imports. It is also referred to as the trade deficit. The CAD can be financed through foreign investment, borrowing, or selling of assets.

In 2018, Turkey’s CAD was $47.1 billion, which represented 4.5% of its gross domestic product (GDP). This was an improvement from 2017, when the CAD was $57.6 billion, or 5.4% of GDP. However, it is still a large deficit and is one of the main concerns for Turkey’s economy.

The main reason for Turkey’s large CAD is its high import bill. In 2018, Turkey imported $238 billion worth of goods and services, while it only exported $165 billion. This means that Turkey had to spend $73 billion more on imports than it earned from exports.

The main drivers of Turkey’s imports are oil and gas, machinery, and gold. Oil and gas make up around 20% of Turkey’s imports, while machinery and gold each make up around 10%. These three items alone account for around 40% of all of Turkey’s imports.

Turkey also has a large tourism industry, which brings in a lot of foreign currency. However, this is not enough to offset the country’s high import bill.


How does the current account deficit affect Turkey’s economy?

Turkey’s current account deficit reached a record high in 2018, totaling $57.8 billion. This was equivalent to 4.7% of the country’s GDP. The deficit has been driven by a combination of factors, including strong domestic demand and a widening trade deficit.

The current account deficit leaves Turkey vulnerable to external shocks and could put downward pressure on the value of the Turkish lira. A weaker currency makes imported goods more expensive, which can lead to inflationary pressures. Additionally, a large current account deficit makes it difficult for a country to finance its debt and can lead to a debt crisis.

Turkey has taken steps to reduce its current account deficit, including raising interest rates and cutting government spending. However, these measures have been insufficient so far and the country will need to do more to bring its deficit down to a sustainable level.

What are some possible solutions to reduce the deficit?

Turkey’s current account deficit reached a record high in 2018, totaling $57.6 billion. This was equivalent to 4.7% of Turkey’s GDP. The main drivers of the deficit were a sharp increase in imports and a slowdown in exports.

There are a number of possible solutions to reduce the deficit. One is to increase exports through measures such as export subsidies or trade deals with other countries. Another is to reduce imports by increasing tariffs or quotas on imported goods. Finally, the government could try to boost economic growth through stimulus spending, which would lead to higher tax revenue and help close the deficit.


In conclusion, it is clear that Turkey’s current account deficit has become a major issue for its economy. As such, the Turkish government needs to take decisive steps to reduce the gap and ensure long-term economic stability. Such measures may include reducing imports or encouraging foreign direct investment into Turkey in order to boost exports. With careful management of its economy, Turkey can ultimately overcome this issue and create sustained growth over time.


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